CARE International works around the globe to save lives, defeat poverty and achieve social justice. CARE, with funding from the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, partnered with DDD to research and implement a School Water Sanitation Hygiene plus community action (SWASH+) project to test and evaluate alternative strategies to improve the sustainable provision of sanitation facilities in primary schools in Kenya. The implementations included a cell phone-based Education Management Information System (EMIS) to improve the collection of reliable school-level information for planning and management purposes and complementary interventions to improve delivery and management of school WASH inputs.

DDD’s field research team distributed provocative and educational calendars to 36,000 households to motivate families to demand better WASH facilities for their children. Parents were given a mobile phone application to rate and share school WASH performance, thereby exerting community-level pressure on administrators. DDD associates implemented a series of randomized interventions, as well as tracking sanitation and hygiene benchmarks in over 350+ schools to measure changes in demand for improved hygiene and sanitation through the EMIS.

With this data, CARE International was able to implement a number of complementary interventions to improve WASH provisions in schools across Kenya. A year later, DDD performed a secondary study to test and evaluate the success of the improved interventions.